“common law” Grand Jury – A legal fiction

The lack of foundation in Common Law of these ‘citizen grand juries’ continues..

“This is a free county,” said Attorney General Marty Jackley, whose office is prosecuting Paulson. “But when you start generating summonses, indictments, warrants, liens, or adjudicating the rights or interests of another person, … that’s what triggers our statutes.”

Source: Activists trying to bring citizen grand juries to state, but are they legal?

South Dakota

22-40-17. Impersonating a judicial official–Misdemeanor. Any person who, without authority under the U.S. Constitution, federal law, or the constitution or laws of this state, acts as a supreme court justice, a circuit court judge, a magistrate judge, a lay magistrate, a clerk of court or deputy, a juror, or other official holding authority to determine a controversy or adjudicate the rights or interests of any other person, or signs a document in such capacity, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. It is no defense to a prosecution under this section that the judicial office that the person pretended to hold did not exist.

Source